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What is “Macronutrients”?

Just in case you’re not sure, let’s start by defining what macros, or macronutrients, actually are.


There are three major macronutrients: Protein, carbohydrates, and fat. (The fourth macronutrient is alcohol.)

Your body breaks down the macronutrients you eat into compounds used to help create energy, build body structures, create chemical reactions, and stimulate the release of hormones. Which means they can impact how you feel, perform, and even behave.


Each macronutrient provides a certain number of calories:

1 gram of protein = 4 calories

1 gram of carbohydrate = 4 calories

1 gram of fat = 9 calories


If you’re trying to lose weight, you might eat a higher proportion of protein, since it can help you feel satisfied longer after meals. Or if you’re a very active athlete, you might want a higher ratio of carbohydrates to meet your greater energy demands.


As a result, tracking macros means you’re automatically tracking calories. It’s just that you’re ensuring a certain number of those calories come from protein, carbohydrates, and fat, respectively. This is known as your macronutrient ratio.


For example, let’s say you eat:

30% of your calories from protein

40% of your calories from carbohydrate

30% of your calories from fat

Your macronutrient ratio would then be 30:40:30.


By adjusting your macronutrient ratio based on your age, sex, activity levels, goals, and preferences, you can optimize your eating plan.


choose foods to meet your macro and portion goals


Prioritize fresh, lean, minimally processed sources of protein, and consider limiting red meat to ~18 oz (or 4 palms) per week or less.



Focus on whole, minimally processed sources of carbohydrates that pack lots of nutrition and fiber, and include a mix of starches and colorful fruits.



Aim for a mix of whole-food fats (like nuts and seeds), blended whole foods (like nut butter), and pressed oils (like olive and avocado).



When eating vegetables (and fruits), try to “eat the rainbow.” Different colors imply different nutrients and health benefits.


Here we are describing what’s in for carbohydrate, protein, fat which are called macronutrients in the given picture below. You will also notice raw vegetables in the meal picture. We count raw vegetables as fiber and as a carbohydrate. It is one of the most important parts of a balanced meal.



Vegetable: Raw cucumber & tomato

Carbohydrate: Poha

Protein: Scrambled eggs

Fat: Cooking oil, egg yolk, peanuts

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